SQL – Inner Join

Main_inner join

admin Oracle, SQL Joins , ,

Hi Oracle folks,
In previous blog, I tried to explain SQL Join. Today we will talk about a very important Join, which is INNER JOIN.

INNER JOIN:
Inner Join helps to fetch or select the data (rows and columns) from multiple tables. When we join two tables using Inner join, it returns all those rows which satisfy joining condition which means all the matching or common rows from both the tables.

Inner Join

You can understand it more clearly in the above picture. Inner Join generates output same as area highlight/intersection in above picture.

In case of Inner Join, both the syntaxes mentioned below are true.
Syntax-1:

SELECT a.col1, a.col2, b.col1, b.col2
FROM table1 a INNER JOIN table2 b
ON
<join condition> [WHERE…];

Syntax-2:

SELECT a.col1, a.col2, b.col1, b.col2
FROM table1 a,table2 b
WHERE <join condition>…;

To understand it more clearly, let’s do some examples.
For the demonstration purpose, I have mimicked the EMPLOYEES table of HR schema as EMP.
You can use the below query to create EMP table in your HR schema.

EMPLOYEES_IDFIRST_NAMEDEPARTMENT_ID
113Luis100
119Karen30
178Kimberely(null)
102Lex90
202Pat20
204Hermann70
206William110

In this table we have 3 columns.
EMPLOYEES_ID
FIRST_NAME
DEPARTMENT_ID

We will use DEPARTMENTS table of HR schema to add department names of employees in EMP table.

Below are the queries with INNER JOIN.

Let me explain a bit.
In this query, I am using TABLE ALIAS, a and b.
a for EMP table and b for DEPARTMENTS table.

Using Table alias, I am fetching all the columns from EMP table and only Department_Name from DEPARTMENTS table.

As Joining condition, I am using Department_ID from both the tables as it is a column which is common in both the tables.

As we are using EQUALITY operator (=) in the joining condition so this joining condition is EQUIJOIN.

When we run any of the above two queries, Oracle will generate output as shown below.

EMPLOYEES_IDFIRST_NAMEDEPARTMENT_IDDEPARTMENT_NAME
202Pat20Marketing
119Karen30Purchasing
204Hermann70Public Relations
102Lex90Executive
113Luis100Finance
206William110Accounting

You can see in the output that we do not have record with First_Name “Kimberely”. Because we have a Department_ID for this record and INNER JOIN generates only matching records based on the Joining Condition. For this record, Joining Condition is not true.

That’s all about INNER JOIN.

If you have any questions/suggestions, please comment below or write me an email.

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Thank you,
Kapil Kumar

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