Oracle_Concatenation Operator

Concatenation Operator

admin Operators, Oracle

Hey geeks,
This is another chapter of Operators. Concatenation Operator helps to concatenate two or more strings or columns. The output of concatenating two character strings is always a character string.
In Oracle database, two solid vertical bars (“||”) are used as Concatenation Operator. It is very simple to use. Have a look at the examples below.

Example-1:
Below query shows how we can concatenate two columns.

CONCAT_EXAMPLE_1
Ellen Abel
Sundar Ande
Mozhe Atkinson
David Austin
Hermann Baer

Example-2:
We can also concatenate any string value with a column.

CONCAT_EXAMPLE_2
First Name is Ellen
First Name is Sundar
First Name is Mozhe
First Name is David
First Name is Hermann

We can use this operator to concatenate numbers as well. You should try yourself, GO AHEAD.

Important:

  • If two CHAR data type strings are concatenated then the result will be of CHAR data type and is limited to 2000 characters.
  • If either string is of data type VARCHAR2 then the result will be of VARCHAR2 data type and is limited to 4000 characters if the initialization parameter is set to MAX_STRING_SIZE = STANDARD. If the initialization parameter is set to MAX_STRING_SIZE = EXTENDED then the output limit is 32767 characters.
  • If both the strings are of data type NUMBER, the result will be of VARCHAR2 data type.

If you have any questions/suggestions, please comment below or write me an email.
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Thank you,
Kapil Kumar

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